In this current age, it is incomprehensible to visualize a world without technology and to cease from marvelling at its influence over human race. Computer Science Engineering and Information Technology unify the world and have come to be an indispensable part of our daily lives. A potential goldmine of knowledge to be unearthed for bolstering growth and success makes this a super-efficient field. Computer Science Engineering is a vast realm with opportunities galore, including providing a fertile ground for honing research skills and giving the desired impetus for emerging scientists to drive innovation and novel designing of new technology and devising new means for the use of existing technology. Prospective computer technologists are supervised and guided by experts to study and solve complex problems in computing in all walks of human endeavour and thus, making an enormous impact through varied applications across the socio-economic sphere especially in business, science, and medicine.
With the evolution of newer technologies like Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Robotics, IoT, etc., the scope of computer science engineering has grown in leaps and bounds. The CS branch has been completely redefined with the inclusion of emerging technologies in the course. Over the years, the courses have evolved to meet industry expectations, the students are now able to learn new technologies, tools and platforms that ensure they sail smoothly into the professional environment. In fact, those computer science engineering graduates, who missed out on studying the futuristic technologies, join short-term courses to learn the fundamentals and advanced concepts of the emerging technologies to keep pace in this dynamic field, hence it is advisable to study the proposed course at a university of repute, carefully beforehand to ensure curriculum is embedded in futuristic parlance.
Career Prospects in Computer Science Engineering
The booming IT sector in India presents large-scale job opportunities for fresh computer science graduates. Candidates from top engineering Universities and colleges like JK Lakshmipat University get attractive job offers from diverse MNCs & IT companies. B.Tech graduates in computer science & engineering or information technology begin their career as IT engineers’. Career in IT is considered one of the most high-paying jobs and is imbued with opportunities; particularly in an era where India’s prowess in information technology industry is recognized globally. Also, computer engineers have a range of options to work in IT companies in departments such as design, development, assembly, manufacture and maintenance, etc.
Major Positions acquired by Computer Science Graduates
Software Application Developer
Role & Responsibilities
- Builds, tests, and upgrades software & computer applications
- Enhances the existing capabilities of existing software by modifying
- Increases software feasibility by evaluating software requirements and user needs
Anticipated Growth by 2024: 19% Hike (Much faster than expected)
Roles & Responsibilities
- Coding of web pages from the scratch and updating the content.
- Testing the UI 7 UX of the websites and modifying it as per user feedback.
- Backing up and maintaining the data of the website.
Anticipated Growth by 2024- 27% Hike (Much faster than expected)
Computer System Analyst
- Improves the computer system by analyzing the data processing problems
- Creates and tests the system design procedures
- Amplifies the compatibility of system for easy information sharing
Anticipated Growth by 2024- 21% Hike (Much faster than expected)
- Administers and tests the database of computer system
- Implements changes and rectifies errors in database of computers
- Safeguards the information by applying safety measures
Anticipated Growth by 2024- 11% Hike (Much faster than expected)
Network System Administrator
- Implements and maintains the network system in an organization
- Invigilates the functions of websites to warrant uninterrupted operation
- Backs up data and performs disaster recovery functions
Anticipated Growth by 2024- 8% Hike (Much faster than expected)
Apart from the scope of computer science engineering graduates in the conventional fields, multiple career avenues have also unlocked with the rise of advanced technologies, as ‘specialists’ continue to thrive in the domains of the future, such as:
- Machine Learning Engineer
- Data Scientist
- Artificial Intelligence Experts
- Robotics Engineer
- Augmented and Virtual Reality
- Mobile application development
- Cloud and Big Data
- Cyber security
- Blockchain Developers
- IoT (Internet of Things) Expert
An assessment of the probable future job landscape, as depicted in the graphic below, is a clear indicator that technology-oriented job roles will by far be ‘the job domain’ of the future.
When & How one should start with computer science engineering?
Engineering is the most sought-after stream after class 12th in India. Students from 12th standard with physics, chemistry, and mathematics are eligible to take admission in engineering. Diploma holders can also take admission in B.Tech 2nd year by lateral entry. However, there is a rigorous selection procedure at place for computer engineering prospects wherein admission to the B.E/ B.Tech Courses is extremely competitive in most top-notch universities like JK Lakshmipat University. Students who are passionate about technology and machines can look to become an engineer by cracking one of the engineering entrance exams. Some of the significant engineering entrance exams in India are AIEEE, IIT-JEE, UPTU, RTU, JKLU-EET, etc. Students who wish to study further, post a B.E/B.Tech degree, may opt for M.E/ M. Tech in Computer Science for further specialization in the Computer Science field. Almost all top universities in Rajasthan such as JK Lakshmipat University (JKLU) offer both graduate and postgraduate engineering courses in the stream of Computer Science & Engineering and Information Technology.
It is a known fact- IITs do set a benchmark for engineering in India but with progression of time, several universities have emerged, providing students the academic rigour that meets industry expectations and this is evident in the quality of placements being secured at these universities. The rise of private universities offering engineering education in CS enables students to kick-start a successful career in computer science engineering. There is a career path beyond IITs, waiting to be explored and there is nothing to be disappointed if you failed to crack IIT admission procedure. While you chart a career path in engineering, importantly, opt for a leading university that has a quality placement record, as this goes on to establish the university’s course, as being, ‘acknowledged’ and ‘endorsed’ by industry leading to worthy placements.
Scope of Computer Science Engineering: Top Companies hiring Graduates
It would be an understatement to state, large MNCs and IT companies across the world embrace computer science graduates. In fact, there is a perpetual demand, such that a sustained inflow of CS engineers is essential. The scope of computer science engineering is so profound, such that the surging demand of CS professionals encompasses various sectors including IT firms, financial services, healthcare units, automotive industry, automation industry, and numerous others. Some of the amazing companies that readily absorb the computer science graduates are listed below.
Google, Yahoo, Hewlett-Packard, International Business Machines Corporation, Toshiba Corporation, Dell Inc, NEC Corporation, Canon Inc, Apple Inc, ASUSTEK Computer Inc, Acer Inc, Lenovo Group Limited, SAIC, Sun Microsystem, TCS, Infosys, HCL, Wipro, CMC, CMS, L&T, Tech Mahindra etc.
Like all other engineering professions, Computer Engineering too requires practical knowledge to be employable. There is no substitute for real world applications; the knowledge acquired must be put to test, to be able to successfully overcome hurdles and loopholes by way of projects and experiential learning. Candidates who desire to make a career in IT industry should have maximum exposure to practical knowledge so that they can perform efficiently from the very start of their career by virtue of the practical knowledge acquired.
Experiential knowledge is mandatorily required to be able to master subjects included in computer science engineering. Also, you need to be pro-active and stay up to date about latest technologies and developments in the field of computer science engineering. This will ensure you grow professionally in an unprecedented manner. Recruiters seek professionals who are adept at all the related technologies, so it is advisable to master a wide range of emerging technologies for ease in securing jobs. The scope of computer science engineering is boundless; you just need to stay equipped to capitalize on the opportunity.
Why is Computer Science Engineering a Hot Pick?
As per industry reports, Indian IT & ITES companies are on a pinnacle of growth with the establishment of over 1,000 global delivery centres’ in more than 80 countries worldwide. Indian IT services sector is recognized globally and has emerged as the largest sourcing destination, accounting a massive market share of US$ 185-190 billion global services, translating to a resounding 56% market share in the global services sourcing industry (highest in the world). Not surprising, with 75 per cent of global digital clients, India has been titled as the hub of digital capabilities. The global sourcing market size in India continues to grow at a rapid pace, ensuring sublime possibilities for computer science engineers.
Mass Scale Employability
Often referred to as the ‘Global Talent Powerhouse’, the Information Technology sector is the largest employer within the private sector, employing 3.7 million people directly. India has more than 15,000 outsourcing firms out of which 1000 are large firms, employing a minimum of 5,000 employees each. As the world’s third largest tech-start- up hub, India boasts of over 4,700 start- ups. These statistics, only go on to prove that B.Tech or B.E has immense scope and is the ‘in-demand’ job even in the future. Below is a snapshot of job projections in the Indian IT sector.
Market Size (Current & Anticipated)
India’s IT & ITES industry grew to US$ 181 billion in 2018-19. Exports from the industry increased to US$ 137 billion in FY19 while domestic revenues (including hardware) advanced to US$ 44 billion. The long-term goal of US$ 350 billion industry revenue is predicted to be accomplished by 2025. Of the $350 billion projected revenues, domestic sector itself is expected to contribute about $70 billion in 2025. Thus, implying job avenues are significant, diverse and global in nature.
A deeper look at the verticals give an indicator of the potential in the slated growth areas, India’s information technology services market alone is expected to grow from around $17 billion in 2016 to around $28 billion in 2020. The internet industry in India is likely to double to reach US$ 250 billion by 2020. Market size of Business Process Management (BPM) segment is US$28 billion in the FY 2016, estimated to reach US$54 billion by FY 2025. Technology and business services expenditures in India projected to reach $120-130 billion by 2025. By 2020, Social, Mobile, Analytics, and Cloud (SMAC) market, which is helping attract new customer is projected to reach USD 225 billion by 2020. The stated goal for India is to reach a $1 trillion digital economy by 2022.
With opportunities of such gigantic proportions, it is only prudent to garner skills, equip and stay competent to be able to fully take advantage of emerging scenarios and play to one’s strengths.
Investments & Developments
The significant growth and competency of the Indian IT sector have attracted global investors to invest in India. The Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in India’s software and hardware industry is worth around US$ 32.23 billion from April 2000 to June 2018, and in the limited time frame of first 9 months of fiscal year 2019, computer software and hardware, alone, attracted investment worth US$ 4.9 billion as per the report released by the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP). FDI inflows into a ‘particular sector’ is regarded as an extremely crucial judgment parameter on the sector’s performance abilities and the promise it holds in the future, thereby suggesting Information technology is a sunrise industry with proven scale.
Initiatives by Government for IT & ITES Sector (Information Technology and Information Technology Enabled Services)
India has successfully established itself as a digital economy with 375+ million Internet subscribers. The Indian Government has also realized the potential of the IT sector and listed it as one of the 12 champion service sectors. The government has allocated a budget of Rs 5,000 crore (US$ 745.82 million) for these champion service sectors.
Information technology and related aspects have a global market, and the demand in terms of market share and potential must be seen with a global perspective to understand the job potential.
Driven by the adoption of digital technology, the total addressable market for global technology and business services will likely expand to about USD 4 trillion by 2025. The global addressable market for business process management (BPM) services will likely touch about USD 260 billion by 2025 and the global total addressable market for engineering services will likely reach up to USD 480 billion by 2025, so also, the global digital transformation market size, which, is expected to rise from US$ 1.2 trillion in 2017 to US$ 2 trillion in 2020.
All the above parameters denote the ample scope for budding computer engineers in India and the global prospects it holds. Tech driven careers are the ‘careers of the future’ and with the future looking more tech-led, it would attribute to a lack of foresight to forego a ‘Degree in B.Tech or B.E’.
About the Author:
Prof. Gireesh Kumar is working as Assistant Professor at the Department of Computer Science & Engineering, JK Lakshmipat University, Jaipur. He has more than six years of academic & teaching experience. He is pursuing his Ph.D in the area of Software Reliability. He has published nine research papers in international journals and conferences.